Thioesters are the product of esterification between a carboxylic acid and a thiol. They play a fundamental role in the development of pharmaceutical, biological, industrial, and natural products. Thioesters are auxiliary or secondary antioxidants that help slow down the rate of oxidation and improve the operating life of the products. The secondary antioxidants are often combined with primary antioxidants for synergistic effect. Some significant properties of the thioesters include high solubility and high degree of antioxidants in the production of rubber, plastics, synthetic fibers, petroleum, and even in food packaging products. Long-term heat resistance or stability also drive the application of thioesters.
There are several heavy machines which are exposed to high temperature and excessive pressure that put a high risk of wear and tears of the machines. To avoid such damages to the heavy machinery operators, lubricants are used such as greases, gear oil, hydraulic oil, and more. Thioesters are used as an additive antioxidants in the manufacturing of the lubricants as they impart special properties such as long lasting operating life, high viscosity range, and withstand wide range of temperature and pressure. There has been a great demand for such special lubricants that further influence broader application of thioesters.
High dosages of thioesters exhibit a blooming tendency which is favorable in the manufacturing of petroleum based fuels and plastics. Thioesters are used in unsaturated organic materials like plastic to inhibit the oxidative degradation. Plastics, being an integral part of numerous industries, are highly adopted and need to show better efficacy. To enhance the capability of plastic in harsh conditions such as high temperature and pressure, thioesters are used in polymer processing which acts as an additive to prevent the degradation of plastic products in the harsh environment.
Furthermore, an increasing adoption of plastic products in aerospace, automotive and other industries are also influencing the application of thioesters. The plastic based products are used in these industries to reduce weight, enhance vehicle performance, and meet emission standards. There has also been a great demand for thioesters as an additive antioxidants in rubber processing as they are highly effective decomposers for long-term heat resistance. However, thioesters cannot be used for sulfur vulcanized rubber products due to their destruction during sulfur vulcanization. Moreover, wide use of rubber especially in automobile and footwear industry are likely to drive the demand for thioesters to a great extent.
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